There are a number of common diseases whose presence in the mother can affect the
wellbeing of the fetus. For example:
In such cases, it is advisable to consider genetic and other counseling, both in
order to evaluate the exact risks for the fetus and so that suitable tests can be
- Unstable diabetes may cause fetal heart defects, defects of the large intestine, a low blood
sugar level in the infant immediately after birth, etc. However, the risk for these
complications reverts to the normal for the general population if the mothers glucose
level is stable.
hypertension may cause a decreased blood flow to the fetus, intrauterine growth retardation
and disorders of the fetuss blood vessels.
- Maternal lupus erythematosus may cause a
congenital defect in the conduction system of the fetuss heart and disorders of
the heart rate (arrhythmias).
- Medication taken by the mother for various diseases may cause damage to the fetus.