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Medications and environmental factors affecting the fetus and causing anomalies


Medications and radiation (Teratologic effects) - If the mother is taking medication for a chronic condition or has taken any medication/drugs since her last period, she must inform her physician. In order to clarify whether the drug is dangerous in pregnancy, any of the genetic institutes...

Maternal diseases affecting the fetal development

Diabetes - This is thought to result from the formation of autoantibodies against the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin – these cells are known as pancreatic beta cells. The cells are destroyed and therefore it is necessary to supply the patient...

Hypertension - Hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, HTN or HPN, is a medical condition in which the blood pressure is chronically elevated. Hypertension can be classified as either essential (primary) or secondary. Essential hypertension indicates...

Systemic Lupus (SLE)

Others

The risk of transmitting common diseases - The term "common diseases" means those diseases that occur relatively commonly in the general population, such as diabetes, hypertension, collagen disease (such as lupus erythematosus), inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. Crohn's disease)...

Maternal diseases and their effect on the fetus - There are a number of common diseases whose presence in the mother can affect the wellbeing of the fetus...

Intrauterine growth retardation - The growth of the fetus is usually proportional - there are precise tables available from which it is possible to ascertain that the head circumference, the length of the limbs, and the circumference of the abdomen concur with the gestational age...

Twins - Essentially a fetus in a pregnancy involving twins or higher is not at a greater risk for genetic problems if ICSI treatment was not performed. In spite of this, however, more defects and genetic problems are associated with twin or higher order...

 

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